Runway safety (approach and landing) includes such issues as runway excursions, contaminated runways, high approach speeds, unstable approaches and go-around decision making. In our Key Safety Issues, we differentiate runway safety (approach and landing) from runway safety (conflict), which covers aircraft-to-aircraft or aircraft-to-other-vehicle conflicts on runways and taxiways, because of the difference in type of risk and occurrences.
Broadly speaking, runway safety–related events represent one of the International Civil Aviation Organization's high risk occurrence categories. Canada’s Transportation Safety Board lists runway overruns and unstable approaches on its Watchlist 2016 of top safety concerns, and the Australian Transport Safety Bureau lists "handling approach to land" on its most recent SafetyWatch.
Recent Fatal Accidents
Source: Aviation Safety Network
European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Excursions (Eurocontrol)
Runway Safety Programme — Global Runway Safety Action Plan (ICAO)